Wheelchair basketball is a sport that has grown immensely in the United States and around the world. Many countries have leagues and national Paralympic teams for the sport.
Wheelchair basketball adapts the majority of its rules from the official NCAA basketball rule book. Modifications are made for dribbling. . For example, "travelling" in wheelchair basketball occurs when the athlete touches their wheels more than twice after receiving or dribbling the ball. The majority of the aspects of the game of basketball are retained such as a 10-foot basketball hoop and standard basketball court size.
Because disability is complex and affects each individual differently a classification system has been implemented in competition to level the playing field between teams. The classification system evaluates the functional abilities of players on a point scale of 1 to 4.5. Minimally disabled athletes are classified as a 4.5, and an individual with the highest degree of disability (such as a paraplegic with a complete injury below the chest) would have the classification of 1.0. Competitions restrict the number of points allowable on the court at one time. The five players from each team on the court during play may not exceed a total of 12 points.
Basketball wheelchairs, also known as sports chairs, are specifically designed wheelchairs for activity. Basketball chairs have wheels that are angled outward so that the center of gravity has to move a greater distance before it tips the chair making it much safer for play. The chairs are also designed with tip bars making it difficult to tip backwards, an adjustable lap belt to better secure the user to the chair, and footplate with a guard to increase physical safety.